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Organisational Behavior: Motivational Ideas - Maslow & Skinner

PBSA 812

Organisational Behaviour

Motivational Theory

Maslow & Skinner

twenty-three February 2013

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Index:

Professional Summary

1 . A Critical Comparison of Maslow's Theory of Inspiration with Skinner's Reinforcement Theory in the To the south African Circumstance

2 . A vital Evaluation from the similarities and differences from the Reinforcement Theory and Expectations Theory inside the South Africa Context

three or more. Encouraging Powerful Performance through a Reward Program by applying the Motivational Ideas

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Executive Summary

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and Skinner's Strengthening Theory intended for motivation has become widely belittled, but still varieties the basis on most motivation hypotheses to understand human being behaviour. Noticed in the Southern region African context with the broad variety of cultural variety, the application of these theories might cause uncertain work relations inside the working place.

The Reinforcement Theory and Expectancy Theory for encouraging employees focus on a reward program for encouraging performance. The reinforcement theory determines how a person will behave in a specific scenario and is used not recognized as a motivational model. The expectancy theory set specific goals to inspire a person with a selected outcome or reward.

By utilizing either the Expectancy or Goal Setting unit, employees are given a specific pair of goals to encourage motivation and maximize performance. If the performance desired goals are met a certain praise or outcome will follow.

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1 . A Critical Comparison of Maslow's Theory of Motivation with Skinner's Strengthening Theory inside the South Africa Context

Maslow's Theory of Motivation

Abraham Maslow's pecking order of requires can be described as probably the most wellknown motivation theory's (Robbins, et al., 2009: 145). The Hierarchy of Needs Comprise of five categories of requires.

Most reviews have terminated the hierarchy of needs as a mindset theory (McShane & Von Glinow, 2010: 136). One of the major concerns with the hierarchy of needs is a methodology that Maslow used, he undertook a qualitative method referred to as biographical evaluation which centered on a specific group's qualities but not humanity on the whole (McLeod., 2007).

According to increase research there is absolutely no empirical proof to support the needs theory (Robbins, et al., 2009: 145). This is apparent inside the claim coming from Maslow the lowest level of needs, physical, must first be happy for a person to progress one stage further of requirements and so forth.

Analysis done by Clayton Alderfer recognized this and he modified the structure of needs into the ERG Theory that divided requirements into 3 groups. The ERG theory was similar to Maslow's hierarchy of requirements with the important exception the different sets of needs are generally not activated in any particular buy (Werner, ou al., 3 years ago: 76).

In the South African context, cross-cultural studies indicate that the structure of requires is not applicable to any or all the civilizations in S. africa. According into a study created by Barling (cited by Robbins, et ing., 2009: 145) on the correlation of requires with advertising aspirations located that; dark-colored promotional dreams correlated with physiological, safety, and belongingness demands, Indian's promotional

4

dreams

correlated

with

physiological

requirements

and White

promotional

aspirations correlated with none of the requirements as examined by these types of studies (Robbins, et al., 2009: 145).

These conclusions of Barling were contradicted by Arnolds and Boshoff (cited simply by Robbins, ainsi que al., 2009: 145) which in turn found self-actualization and physiological needs to be the main needs that drive best managers to perform better in South Africa.

To summarize, seen in the South African context, it can be apparent that there will be a vast difference in needs hierarchies of the diverse social and cultural amounts.

Skinner's Strengthening Theory

N. F. Skinner's Reinforcement Theory is not classified being a motivational...

Recommendations: Kreitner, Ur. & Kinicki, A. 2010. Organisational Habit. 9th education. New York:

McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Mann, I. 2002. Managing with Objective. Cape Town: Zebra Press

McLeod, T. A

McShane, S. T. & Von Glinow, M. A. 2010. Organisational Behaviour:

emerging know-how and practice for the real world

Robbins, S. P., Assess, T. A., Odendaal, A. 2009. Organisational Behaviour:

global and the southern part of african views

Werner, A., Bagriam, T., Cunningham, L., Potgieter, T., Viedge, C. 2007.

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