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Local Government Operations and the Challenges

Quick Historical History of County System in Nigeria In spite of nomenclature, local government is a creation of English colonial rule in Nigeria. It has overtime experienced change in name, framework and composition. Between 1930s and 1940s, for instance, local government was referred to as chief-in-council and chief-and-council, exactly where traditional rulers were given satisfaction of place in the system of items. In the 1950s, selection was released according to the British model in the western and eastern parts of the country with some measure of autonomy in personnel, financial and basic administration (Nwabueze, 1982: 20-21). It was about this premise the fact that rising wave of progress, growth and development experienced in the local government authorities in these areas was structured. The rate of this creation was even more noticeable in the south than in the north. During this period, heterogeneity was the trademark of county as there was no uniformity in the program and the level of development was also incredibly different. The introduction of 1976 reconstructs by military administration of General Obasanjo brought about uniformity in the management structure with the system. The reforms presented a multi-functional single-tier county system (Ajayi, 2000: 70) The reforms also introduced population criterion under which will a local govt could be created. Consequently, a population of within a hundred and fifty, 000 to 800, 000 was deemed feasible for a nearby government. This is done to stay away from the creation of non-viable local authorities and for convenient accessibility. There is provision for elective positions having the chairmen as professional head of local government with supervisory councillors constituting the cabinet. It was complemented by bureaucrats and professionals, such as Doctors, Designers, etc ., who were charged together with the responsibility of implementing policies (1976 Guidelines). In 1991, an important landmark reform was launched as the machine had legal arm. In...

08.08.2019

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